Progress toward inhibitors of metallo-β-lactamases

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The global overuse of antibiotics has led to the emergence of drug-resistant pathogenic bacteria. Bacteria can combat β-lactams by expressing β-lactamases. Inhibitors of one class of β-lactamase, the serine-β-lactamases, are used clinically to prevent degradation of β-lactam antibiotics. However, a second class of β-lactamase, the metallo-β-lactamases (MBLs), function by a different mechanism to serine-β-lactamases and no inhibitors of MBLs have progressed to be used in the clinic.

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