Publication / Source: Infectious Diseases Hub
Authors: Ashwani Kumar, Ajeet Kumar Mohanty, T. S. Keshava Prasad
Despite concerted actions to curb vector mosquitoes and manage subsequent infections, mosquito-borne diseases pose a continuous challenge to public health managers.
Mosquitoes act as vectors for a number of human pathogens including protozoan parasites, filarial worms and multiple viruses. Fossil records and zoogeographic evidence suggest that mosquitoes evolved during Jurassic period, approximately 210 million years ago . The ability of mosquitoes to carry and support the development of protozoa, helminthes and viruses probably makes them the most diverse vectors of several human diseases including malaria, filariasis, dengue, chikungunya, yellow fever, Japanese encephalitis, West Nile virus and Zika virus, among many others.