Madariaga virus identified in Haiti


Madariaga virus, which has previously been found primarily in animals of South and Central America, has been identified in eight children in Haiti in 2015 and 2016.

Madariaga virus is a mosquito-borne disease but little is known about its life cycle or epidemiology. The virus can cause severe encephalitis, with the first human outbreak occurring in Panama in 2010; however, surveys after the Panama outbreak discovered that 2–5% of the population in Madariaga-affected areas had evidence of infection, suggesting asymptomatic or mild infections are common.

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