Madariaga virus identified in Haiti

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Madariaga virus, which has previously been found primarily in animals of South and Central America, has been identified in eight children in Haiti in 2015 and 2016.

Madariaga virus is a mosquito-borne disease but little is known about its life cycle or epidemiology. The virus can cause severe encephalitis, with the first human outbreak occurring in Panama in 2010; however, surveys after the Panama outbreak discovered that 2–5% of the population in Madariaga-affected areas had evidence of infection, suggesting asymptomatic or mild infections are common.

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