ECCMID19: Could antimicrobial resistance be linked to climate change?

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Researchers from the University Medical Center Göttingen (Germany) in collaboration with the Hannover Medical School (Germany) have identified a novel association between antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and climate change. Results of the study, presented at the 29th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID; 13–16 April, Amsterdam, the Netherlands), could be used in the future to predict AMR across the world based on climate.

In recent years, the relationship between AMR and climate has gained more attention after it was discovered that an increase in resistance correlated with increasing local temperatures in the USA. This research aimed to build on previous hypothesises, to investigate if the same correlation is true in a region with diverse healthcare systems, and whether a climate change dimension can be identified, using Europe as a case region.

To investigate the hypothesis, the team conducted an observational study across 30 countries in Europe. Over six years, data published by the European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control was analyzed using statistical and computation models to determine the prevalence of four diseases: carbapenem-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa (CRPA), Klebsiella pneumoniae (CRKP), multi-resistant Escherichia coli (MREC) and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA).

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