ECCMID19: Are there gender-related risk factors for surgical site infections?

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Men and women have different risks of developing surgical site infections depending on the type of operation they undergo, according to new research being presented at the 29th European Congress of Clinical Microbiology and Infectious Diseases (ECCMID; 13–16 April, Amsterdam, the Netherlands).

Previous research has suggested that men could be at higher risk of post-operative complications, however, this study discovered that when focusing on specific procedures this is not always the case.

The study assessed all surgical procedures carried out in German hospitals participating in the national hospital-acquired surveillance system between 2008 and 2017, with procedures solely executed for one sex (e.g mastectomy) and procedures with under 20,000 excluded.

In total, 1,266,782 operations and 18,824 surgical site infections were included in the analysis and the researchers adjusted for known risk factors such as age, physical condition before surgery, duration of surgery and season.

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