HIV genome eliminated in an untreated patient for the second time

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A second incidence of a HIV patient’s body eliminating intact HIV genomes without the aid of treatment has been discovered.  

A research team from the Ragon Institute of Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH), MIT and Harvard (all MA, USA) led by Xu Yu (Physician Investigator at MGH) has identified a second patient  the ‘Esperanza Patient’  who has experienced a ‘sterilizing cure.’ This term used by scientists encompasses the eradication of the HIV reservoir by the immune system without treatment. This study was published in the Annals of Internal Medicine and reports that over 1.19 billion blood cells and 500 million tissue cells were sequenced, and no intact HIV genomes were found.

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